All known species of penguins live naturally in the southern hemisphere of the world. They actually occupy habitats which are located on each of the five continents within the southern hemisphere. More »

Penguins live in the Antarctic tundra biome. They do not live in the tundra at the North Pole. More »

Penguins live in Antarctica because they are especially adapted to the cold through their unique feathers, small feet and circulatory system. For instance, one of the species that lives in Antarctica, the emperor penguin... More »

Although all penguins live in the Southern Hemisphere, not every species of penguin lives in Antarctica. Several species exist in sub-zero climates, while others live in locations with temperatures regularly above 100 F.... More »

Little blue penguins are just 12 inches tall and weigh roughly 2 to 3 pounds, making them the smallest penguin species in the world. Some scientists believe that little blue penguins are among the first penguin species t... More »

Penguins are flightless, aquatic birds that, outside of zoos, live exclusively in the southern hemisphere. All species are black and white, are very social, and divide their time fairly equally between land and water. More »

Land predators of the various penguin species include lizards, skuas, snakes, other birds and ferrets. Water predators consist largely of killer whales, leopard seals and sharks. While penguins are now protected, humans ... More »