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Macular degeneration is the deterioration of the macula, the retina’s area of central vision. As of January 2015, macular degeneration is the primary cause of vision loss in Americans over 60 years old, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine.


The exact cause of macular degeneration is not known though there are several known risk factors including advanced age, family history of the condition and poor diet, according to Mayo Clinic. Obesity, cardiovascular disease and high cholesterol have also been associated with macular degeneration.


The first noticeable symptoms of macular degeneration are often wavy lines, followed by vision distortion and differences in color perception, according to WebMD. Other symptoms include distorted central vision, blurry white or dark patches, and difficulty seeing details and objects in the distance.


Although in its early stages there may not be any symptoms, some of the first signs of macular degeneration involve distorted vision, often near the center of vision, reports WebMD. This is usually most obvious when looking at straight lines.


As of March 2015, both wet and dry macular degeneration have no treatments available to actually cure the conditions, as stated by WebMD. Instead, for dry macular degeneration, treatment is mainly focused on helping a person use what is remaining of their vision, for example, by using magnifying len


As of 2015, doctors haven’t developed treatments for early-stage macular degeneration, and many people don’t have symptoms, the National Eye Institute states. Since this condition has no cure, doctors may recommend a formula of vitamins and trace minerals to slow the progression of vision loss durin


Macular degeneration affects a structure in the eye called the macula, the small, center portion of the retina. Although it usually doesn't cause total blindness, macular degeneration affects central vision and can cause significant vision loss.


Iowacityeye.com posts images of normal macula and macular degeneration. Another illustration simulates how macular degeneration affects a patient's vision. IllinoisRetinaInstitute.com displays images of wet and dry macular degeneration, and the site reviews preventable and non-preventable risk facto


In February 2011, AdaptDx Dark Adaptometer earned the FDA clearance to be marketed as a device that can help in detecting age-related macular degeneration, according to AFB Access World Magazine. Avastin-loaded eye drops have been reported to be effective for wet AMD, which makes it a significantly


An ophthalmologist or optometrist treats macular degeneration. The macula is the part of the retina that is responsible for the central vision. If macular degeneration is suspected, the physician may perform a photographic procedure using dye.