Triad of Heaven. The three most important deities in the Mesopotamian pantheon during all periods were the gods An, Enlil, and Enki. An was identified with all the stars of the equatorial sky, Enlil with those of the northern sky, and Enki with those of the southern sky. The path of Enlil's celestial orbit was a continuous, symmetrical circle around the north celestial pole, but those of An .....
Sumerian religion was the religion practiced and adhered to by the people of Sumer, the first literate civilization of ancient Mesopotamia.The Sumerians regarded their divinities as responsible for all matters pertaining to the natural and social orders.: 3–4 Before the beginning of kingship in Sumer, the city-states were effectively ruled by theocratic priests and religious officials.
In Sumerian mythology and later for Assyrians and Babylonians, Anu was a sky-god, the god of heaven, lord of constellations, king of gods, spirits and demons, and dwelt in the highest heavenly regions.It was believed that he had the power to judge those who had committed crimes, and that he had created the stars as soldiers to destroy the wicked.
Furthermore, some of these Mesopotamian gods were honored more as patron deities of individual cities. Taking these multifarious factors into consideration, let us take a gander at the ten ancient Mesopotamian gods and goddesses you should know about. 1) Tiamat –
Hadad (or Adad) - storm and rain god; Enlil (or Ashur) - god of air, head of the Assyrian and Sumerian pantheon; Anu or An - god of heaven and the sky, lord of constellations, and father of the gods; Dagon or Dagan - god of fertility; Enki or Ea - god of the Abzu, crafts, water, intelligence, mischief and creation and divine ruler of the Earth ...
Sumerian Gods are related to their sexagesimal numeric system (based on 60) and are divided in 6 Gods and 6 Goddesess, according to their dinastic range.. 60 ANU (God). 55 ANTU (Goddes).
An/Anu (god) Mesopotamian sky-god, one of the supreme deities; known as An in Sumerian and Anu in Akkadian. A stele of the Assyrian king Šamši-Adad V (c.815 BCE), making obeisance to the symbols of five deities, including (top) the horned crown of Anu (BM 118892, photo (c) The British Museum).
In ancient Sumerian religion and mythology, the universe was at first a primordial sea or cosmic ocean, deified by the goddess Namma. Namma is one of the oldest Mesopotamian deities, and in Sumerian mythology was believed to be the mother who gave birth to the first Sumerian gods and the world.
A-Z list of gods and goddess names from Mesopotamia. Many deities have more than one name. Our Holy Database currently contains 119 Mesopotamian deity names and 76 separate entries.. This list is frequently updated - we are constantly discovering more!
Gods, Goddesses, Demons & Monsters The Mesopotamian scribes compiled long lists of their gods. There were hundreds of gods who were responsible for every thing in the world, from rivers and mountains to making bread or pottery. The gods were known by different names depending on whether the scribes wrote Sumerian or Akkadian.