Jesus' 12 apostles, according to the books of Matthew and Luke in the Bible, were Peter, Andrew, James the son of Zebedee, John, Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, Matthew, James the son of Alphaeus, Thaddaeus, Simon and Judas Iscariot. The twelve were among Jesus' closest followers, and spread Christiani
Some of the 12 apostles' names include Andrew, Bartholomew, James son of Zebedee, Judas Iscariot, John and Mathew. When Judas betrayed Jesus and committed suicide, Matthias was elected to replace him.
The Gospel of Matthew lists the 12 apostles in the following order: Simon (whom Jesus later renamed "Peter"), Andrew, James (the son of Zeb'edee), John, Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, Matthew, James (the son of Alphaeus), Thaddaeus, Simon and Judas Iscariot. The names appear in different orders in the
St. John the Apostle was the most beloved of the 12 Apostles by Jesus and the only one who did not forsake him during the Passion. John became an Apostle in the first year of Christ's ministry. His brother was St. James the Great.
Biblical scholars believe that the 12 apostles symbolically represent the 12 tribes of Israel, signifying the renewal of the covenant between God and humans. The 12 apostles were the original students and missionaries of Jesus' teachings and formed the beginnings of the new Christian church.
The qualification for apostleship, according to the Bible, includes being sent on an errand or to deliver a message from God. The word apostle means one sent on a mission. Jesus himself was an apostle, as God sent him to deliver his message.
Although the words disciple and apostle are sometimes used interchangeably, they mean different things. A disciple is a follower or student of someone. An apostle is someone who is sent out with a message or mission.
According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, the apostle Paul was most likely born in the year 4 B.C. in Tarsus, Cilicia, which is in modern Turkey. Paul was one of the earliest leaders of Christianity, and, by some accounts, second only to Jesus Christ in influence.
The apostle Paul likely died of decapitation due to a beheading by the Romans. While there are no definitive records of Paul's death, decapitation is the commonly accepted reasoning of death.
Scholars estimate that Paul the Apostle was between 62 and 68 years old when he died. Though the Bible does not record how Paul died, Ignatius of Antioch stated that Paul was martyred. Traditionally, it is believed that he was beheaded in Rome around AD 64.