Bees are very important because they are the leading pollinators in the world. Humans depend on pollinators to help produce food crops. These pollinated crops contribute to one-third of the world’s food supply, according to Nature.com.
Honeybee, bumblebee, leafcutter, digger, mining and sweat are some of the different types of bees. There are many different species of bee within each type. Some species of honeybee include European, Indian, Koschevnikov's honeybee and the giant honeybee.
Bees prefer to live near wildflowers and will build their nests in old wood and in areas that are sheltered from the elements. They will stay clear of areas where insecticides are present. Because the natural habits favored by bees are becoming less abundant, some farmers and gardeners set up places
The average lifespan of a bee depends upon the hive's activity when she is born, and is 40 days during the active season and five months if born the season before. Queen bees live an average of three years, and drones live until they mate or for 90 days.
Humans rely on bees to pollinate one-sixth of the world's flowering plants, as well as about 400 different species of plants important in agriculture. In 2010, the pollinating services of bees helped to produce nearly $20 million in agriculture in the United States alone.
Bees can measure up to 1 inch in length. The size of a bee depends on what it does for the hive. The queen is larger than the female worker bee and the male drone bee.
Bees can see most colors aside from red. Bees sense wavelengths of light between 300 and 650 nanometers, allowing them to see in the ultraviolet spectrum. A human's vision, by comparison, detects wavelengths of light between 390 and 750 nanometers.
Bees feed on pollen, honey and a sugary liquid called nectar. All larvae eat royal jelly, a super-nutritional substance that is produced by the hypopharyngeal gland of mature worker bees, and bee bread, which is a honey and pollen mix.
The scientific name for a baby bee is "larvae." Larvae hatch from the eggs that are laid by the queen within the honeycombs of the bee hive. Once a larvae emerges from its egg, it is fed a nutritious substance called royal jelly.
A group of bees is most commonly called a "swarm." According to the Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, a swarm is also known as a "hive" or a "grist of bees." Swarms assemble in a colony, numbering as high as 35,000 bees in the summer.