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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passenger_pigeon

The last confirmed wild bird is thought to have been shot in 1901. The last captive birds were divided in three groups around the turn of the 20th century, some of which were photographed alive. Martha, thought to be the last passenger pigeon, died on September 1, 1914, at the Cincinnati Zoo.

www.audubon.org/.../why-passenger-pigeon-went-extinct

“Men still live who, in their youth, remember pigeons; trees still live who, in their youth, were shaken by a living wind. But a few decades hence only the oldest oaks will remember, and at long last only the hills will know.” —Aldo Leopold, “On a Monument to the Pigeon,” 1947 In May 1850 ...

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carrier_pigeon

With training, pigeons can carry up to 75 g (2.5 oz) on their backs. The German apothecary Julius Neubronner used carrier pigeons to deliver urgent medication. In 1977 a similar carrier pigeon service was set up for the transport of laboratory specimens between two English hospitals.

www.nytimes.com/2004/01/30/style/the-hallowed-history-of...

Proof comes with the last exhibit in the show, which has nothing at all to do with carrier pigeons: it shows a "pigeonnier-pilote," or experimental pigeon loft, that has been erected by the city ...

www.quora.com/Did-carrier-pigeons-actually-exist

Carrier pigeons were most recently seen in this capacity in Syria where insurgents used carrier pigeons to carry messages out of the city of Homs. Interesting to note that the Chinese government has recently built up their carrier pigeon platoon; 50,000 in the past few years.

en.wiktionary.org/wiki/carrier_pigeon

The term carrier pigeon is often used, especially in newspaper and magazine articles, for a homing pigeon or racing pigeon that carries messages. Many pigeon fanciers (particularly homer men and homer women) consider this to be a misnomer because the term is outdated and originally referred to the ancestors of present-day Old English carriers.

www.exoticdove.com/P_pigeon/Pigeon_History.html

*Don't confuse the Passenger Pigeon. with the Carrier Pigeon. Passenger Pigeons are native, wild North American Pigeons, while Carrier Pigeons (more appropriately known as Homing Pigeons) are domestic pigeons that were trained and used in WWII to carry messages.They are totally different birds!

www.vox.com/2014/9/1/6079675/passenger-pigeon-extinction

Share 100 years ago, the very last passenger pigeon died. tweet share Reddit Pocket Flipboard Email. A preserved passenger pigeon at the Cornell University Museum of Vertebrates.

encyclopedia.1914-1918-online.net/.../carrier_pigeons_portugal

Since ancient times, carrier pigeons have been used successfully in various armed conflicts. After the Franco-Prussian War of 1870/71, several European armies created a pigeon service. During World War I the losses of killed, wounded or missing carrier pigeons are estimated not to have exceeded 5 percent, which represents a success rate of 95 percent in delivering pigeon-grams, or messages ...

news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/08/140831-passenger...

A hundred years ago on Monday, a once-mighty species became extinct. At the Cincinnati Zoo, a passenger pigeon named Martha died at the age of 29. People coming to the zoo to see the last ...