Although historians note Louis XIV's promotion of science, art and technology in France, his insistence on absolute power based on the "divine right of kings," his persecution of Protestants and his system of favoritism ... More »

King Louis XIV, also known as the Sun King, established a more centralized government, refined the absolute monarchy that defined the French method of governance, created a court at Versailles and led France through four... More »

King Louis XIV of France left a legacy of government reform and art enrichment, but his foreign policy left the country's economy in debt, and his Edict of Fontainebleau alienated Protestants. The edict forced all childr... More »

Henry of Navarre, also known as King Henry IV of France, ended the long, bloody War of the Three Henrys between Catholics and Protestants in 1594 after converting to Catholicism. Four years later, he helped to negotiate ... More »

The court of Louis XIV was the political, social and cultural center of Europe during his long reign. Louis pioneered the centralized modern state, and the absolutist monarchy he created served as a model for virtually e... More »

Louis XIV had six children with his wife, as well as a number of illegitimate children resulting from several affairs, according to He is known to have fathered six children with Louise de la Valliere and se... More »

Despite his reputation as the king who drove France to revolution, King Louis XVI was successful in instituting equal rights for non-Catholics, supporting American revolutionary efforts and refusing to raise taxes. Many ... More »