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During kidney removal surgery, the surgeon makes an incision in the patient's side, explains Healthline. He then severs the blood vessels that serve the kidneys as well as the connections to the bladder. The surgeon may also need to remove a rib to complete the procedure.


Surgery is the primary treatment for most kidney cancers, according to the Kidney Cancer Association. There are different types of surgeries available, and the specific procedure depends on the type of cancer, the size of the tumor, the extent of the cancer and the overall health of the patient.


If a kidney stone is too large to pass through the urinary tract, a surgeon might perform a ureteroscopy to remove the stone from the body. Although a surgeon removes the stone, ureteroscopy is considered an outpatient procedure, according to the National Kidney Foundation.


For many physicians, surgery is an option for a kidney mass at clinical stage 1, according to the American Urological Association. At this point, the mass is less than 7 centimeters. About 20 percent of stage 1 masses are benign.


Different patients recover at different rates, but in general, kidney patients should wait about six weeks before undertaking any strenuous activity, according to University of Utah Health Care. The doctor and nurse discuss permitted and restricted activities and at-home instructions with each patie


Surgery options for kidney stones include removal of the stones using a scope inserted through the back, use of a ureteroscope through the urethra or removal of the parathyroid, according to Mayo Clinic. Doctors also use sound waves to break up the stone, which sometimes requires anesthesia.


The kidney surgery recovery period involves avoiding strenuous activities, managing pain, taking care of the wound and eating a healthy diet, according to MedlinePlus. Contacting a doctor in case of any emergency is crucial during the recovery.


The procedure to remove a cancerous kidney tumor may include a radical nephrectomy to remove the whole kidney and surrounding structures or a partial nephrectomy to remove only the cancerous portion of the kidney, according to the American Cancer Society. The surgeon may complete either procedure wi


Laser surgery for kidney stones is a minimally invasive procedure that uses minuscule laser fibers to break stones into tiny pieces that drain effortlessly from the body through a temporary urinary stent, according to the Kidney Stone Clinic. The success rate of laser removal is 90 to 95 percent.


After open kidney stone surgery, patients stay in the hospital between six and nine days, but full recovery takes four to six weeks. Risks include infection, severe bleeding, susceptibility to hernia and the normal risks connected to anesthesia, notes WebMD. The kidney may also suffer from significa