For many physicians, surgery is an option for a kidney mass at clinical stage 1, according to the American Urological Association. At this point, the mass is less than 7 centimeters. About 20 percent of stage 1 masses are benign.
Surgery is the primary treatment for most kidney cancers, according to the Kidney Cancer Association. There are different types of surgeries available, and the specific procedure depends on the type of cancer, the size of the tumor, the extent of the cancer and the overall health of the patient.
During kidney removal surgery, the surgeon makes an incision in the patient's side, explains Healthline. He then severs the blood vessels that serve the kidneys as well as the connections to the bladder. The surgeon may also need to remove a rib to complete the procedure.
If a kidney stone is too large to pass through the urinary tract, a surgeon might perform a ureteroscopy to remove the stone from the body. Although a surgeon removes the stone, ureteroscopy is considered an outpatient procedure, according to the National Kidney Foundation.
Surgery options for kidney stones include removal of the stones using a scope inserted through the back, use of a ureteroscope through the urethra or removal of the parathyroid, according to Mayo Clinic. Doctors also use sound waves to break up the stone, which sometimes requires anesthesia.
Most cases of renal masses do not show any symptoms, states the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. Doctors usually find the masses accidentally during a diagnosis for another condition. For example, a patient experiencing abdominal pain may undergo a CT scan that happens to ident
A kidney mass is a growth that arises from inside the kidney, according to Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. Most kidney masses are found when a patient is undergoing evaluation for something else and receives an ultrasound or CT scan.
It is not clear what causes some types of kidney masses as of July 2015, according to Mayo Clinic. Kidney cysts are fluid-filled masses that form on or in the kidneys. Simple kidney cysts rarely cause complications, but more complex cysts can impair kidney function.
Having a mass or tumor on a kidney is often accompanied with other symptoms such as bloody urine, appetite loss, flank pain, weight loss and fatigue, states WebMD.com. It can also cause anemia and swelling in the limbs.
Different patients recover at different rates, but in general, kidney patients should wait about six weeks before undertaking any strenuous activity, according to University of Utah Health Care. The doctor and nurse discuss permitted and restricted activities and at-home instructions with each patie