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www.napavalley.edu/people/bschaffer/Documents/HIST 120 Spring 2014/DecIndep and Locke.pdf

1 HIST 120 Dr. Schaffer The Declaration of Independence and John Locke’s Second Treatise on Government Questions to think about: Locke’s Second Treatise on Government 1. According to Locke, what agreement have men and governments made?


Well, leaving aside the really difficult problem of ‘influence’ — did Locke’s *Second Treatise* influence Jefferson et al., or were Locke’s ideas commonplace among some intellectuals at the time — the connection of Locke and the Declaration goes f...


Locke’s influence was most apparent in the Declaration of Independence, the constitutional separation of powers, and the Bill of Rights. Meanwhile, Voltaire had promoted Locke’s ideas in France. Ideas about the separation of powers were expanded by Baron de Montesquieu.


Thomas Jefferson used the thoughts first penned by John Locke while writing the Declaration of Independence. The phrase "life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness," was an idea first considered by Locke in his Two Treatises on Government. Read His Works. Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Two Treaties of Government


lthough Christopher Hitchens was often cheerfully iconoclastic, his 2005 biography of Thomas Jefferson affirmed the scholarly and popular consensus: the Declaration of Independence is based on John Locke’s ideas. But is it? Locke’s definition of “self-evident” would disallow the use of those “crucial words” in the Declaration. For ...


In conclusion, therefore, “these colonies are and of right ought to be free and independent states.” The Declaration of Independence, consequently, turns out to be its own proof, based on the philosophical political theories of John Locke, in justifying rebellion against England to the entire world” (Erler et al., 2003, p. 210).


John Locke's influence on the declaration of independence John Locke provided the idea of a government by the people for the people. He also belived in equality, government control, and safty.


John Locke's ideas about life, freedom, government and property ownership were major influences on Thomas Jefferson's writings, including the United States Declaration of Independence. In fact, the words "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness" were borrowed almost in entirety from earlier writings by Locke who wrote treatises about government.


John Locke wanted everyone to have the "right to life, liberty, and property" which is used in the Declaration of Independence as the "right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness."


The duty of that government is to protect the natural rights of the people, which Locke believed to include life, liberty, and property. If the government should fail to protect these rights, its citizens would have the right to overthrow that government. This idea deeply influenced Thomas Jefferson as he drafted the Declaration of Independence.