The Jersey is a British breed of small dairy cattle from Jersey, in the Channel Islands.It is one of three Channel Island cattle breeds, the others being the Alderney – now extinct – and the Guernsey.It is highly productive – cows may give over ten times their own weight in milk per lactation; the milk is high in butterfat and has a characteristic yellowish tinge.
Today, the Jersey breed is the second largest breed of dairy cattle in the world. On Jersey itself there are fewer than 6000 Jerseys in total with nearly 4000 of these being adult milking cows. The purity of the breed on the island is maintained by a strict ban on imports. This ban has been in place for some 150 years.
Study the characteristics of the breed. Note the following: Colouration: Jersey cattle coat colour ranges from a light fawn to almost black. Some Jerseys may have white on them, from diamond-shaped patches on their shoulders or hips, to white legs and a stripe from the top of the shoulder down to behind the elbows.
Jersey cows are outstanding milk producers, producing more milk per each pound of body weight than other types of bovines. The record for milk production by one cow is held by a Jersey. The Jersey produces more milk on less feed than other dairy breeds, eating about 80 percent of a Holstein's normal daily intake.
Jersey: Jersey, breed of small short-horned dairy cattle originating on Jersey, one of the Channel Islands; it is believed to have descended from French cattle. The colour of the Jersey is usually a shade of fawn or cream, but darker shades are common. In the late 18th century measures were passed
Jersey cows usually have an extreme weight range of between 800 and 1200 pounds, but medium-sized cows are usually preferred. Jersey bulls, while small as compared to the other dairy breeds, are extremely masculine. They are quite muscular about their crests and shoulders and are considerably less refined throughout than are the females.
Jersey cattle are small at birth, weighing only around 25kg, which makes it easier on the dam. A study has shown that around 96% of births in first-lactation Jerseys needed no assistance, while second-or-more lactation cows had 99% unassisted births.
Jersey cows are interesting creatures, and can be very unique compared to the other dairy breeds. Even though they are the smallest breed of dairy cattle, it doesn’t keep them from having some of the biggest personalities. Here are a few interesting facts about the nature of Jerseys that set them apart from the other dairy breeds:
Jersey Despite considerable research, nothing definite is known as to the actual origin of the cattle first brought to Jersey Island. Most research agrees, that the Jersey probably originated from the adjacent coast of France, where in Normandy and Brittany cattle resembling Jerseys are found.
Domesticated cattle, along with other true cattle and oxen, are members of the Bos genus within the subfamily Bovinae in the family Bovidae. The two individual species of domestic cattle (Bos taurus and Bos indicus) share some characteristics with other Bovidae species; between the two, some characteristics are identical and others are unique.