Infectious diseases are infections transmitted by organisms such as viruses, bacteria, parasites or fungi. These organisms live on or in the human body, where some have beneficial roles, while others cause diseases, according to Mayo Clinic. They spread from through dir...
Asthma, diabetes, stroke, cancer, chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and cystic fibrosis are examples of non-infectious diseases, which are commonly known as non-communicable diseases or NCDs. While viral infections, such as the flu, measles and HIV, typically spread ...
The standard treatments for infectious diseases are antibiotics, antivirals, antifungals or anti-parasitics, as reported by Mayo Clinic. Knowing the type of germ involved makes prescribing the right treatment easier.
An infectious disease specialist focuses on the treatment of infectious diseases, according to the American College of Physicians. Infectious disease specialists typically train as doctors of internal medicine or pediatrics before completing two to three years of specia...
Diseases on the emerging infectious diseases list include anthrax, botulism, the plague, smallpox and tularemia, says the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Other emerging infectious diseases are viral hemorrhagic fevers such as arenavirus, bunyaviru...
According to Mayo Clinic, some controllable risk factors for infectious diseases include hygiene, vaccinations and food preparation methods. Changing these factors can have a significant impact on reducing the risk of contracting an infectious disease.
A virus is a small infectious organism transmitted through either sexual contact, inhalation, swallowing or insect bites, according to the Merck Manual. The most common way in which viruses spread is by throat, airway and nasal passage infection.