11.4 The Impacts of Earthquakes Some of the common impacts of earthquakes include structural damage to buildings, fires, damage to bridges and highways, initiation of slope failures, liquefaction, and tsunami.
How Do Earthquakes Affect People? The majority of earthquake-related deaths occur from the collapse of structured buildings. Aside from collapsing buildings, other hazards such as landslides, tsunamis and the complete halt of civilization are directly related to the effects earthquakes have on people.
Earthquakes can have disastrous effects on humans and on the environment. An earthquake is the result of trembling, rolling and vibration of the ground triggered by the sudden release of energy that is stored below the surface of the Earth (Ford 2004).
The impact of earthquakes events was summarized using two methods, a historical review of earthquake events, and a systematic literature review for publications relating to the human impacts of earthquakes with a focus on mortality, injury, and displacement. Historical Event Review
How does an earthquake occur? For Details Click Here. What are the Harmful Effects of Earthquakes? (1) Damage to human structures – Earthquakes cause great damage to human structures such as buildings, roads, rails, factories, dams, bridges etc, and thus cause heavy damage to human property.
The importance of a tool to measure earthquake Intensity was already outlined early in the 1990s. In 2007 the Environmental Seismic Intensity scale (ESI scale) was released, a new seismic intensity scale based only on the characteristics, size and areal distribution of earthquake environmental effects.
Introduction to Earthquake. An earthquake is a sudden shaking movement of the surface of the earth.It is known as a quake, tremblor or tremor. Earthquakes can range in size from those that are so weak that they cannot be felt to those violent enough to toss people around and destroy whole cities.
Earthquakes have a number of profound effects on local ecosystems, but the most important effect earthquakes have is that they change habitats abruptly. Earthquakes can cause trees to fall, cliffs to crumble and caves to collapse, which can have trickle-down effects throughout the ecosystem. Usually, earthquakes change habitats in subtle ways.
It may come as a surprise to learn that earthquakes and their aftereffects, tsunamis, can have a positive impact on the environment. In 2012, two years after the 8.8 earthquake in Chile, South America, scientists and researchers discovered that long-forgotten habitats re-emerged, and flora and fauna experienced a resurgence after the earthquake and its resulting tsunami.
On transform boundaries, sometimes the ground opens, creating a small valley, a depression forms, ponds drain or fill, or you can see a clear split between the two tectonic plates, as in the asphalt roads that cross the fault line. Earthquakes affect people, land and nature in distinctive ways.