In physical sciences, "hypertonic" means that a solution exhibits greater osmotic pressure compared to a another solution, especially one separated by a semipermeable membrane. That is, the concentration of a certain sol... More »

A hypertonic environment is one in which the concentration of a solution's dissolved substance is greater than the concentration of the dissolved substance in the solution compared. If a cell is placed in a hypertonic en... More »

When a red blood cell is placed in a hypertonic solution, it shrinks as water is drawn out of the cell and into the surrounding solution. If the same blood cell is placed in a hypotonic solution, the blood cell grows in ... More »

Osmotic potential is calculated by applying the Morse equation, which relates the osmotic pressure of an ideal, low-concentration solution to the molarity of the solution and the absolute temperature. The equation involv... More »

Plant cells contain cell walls that provide a physical barrier, offer structural support and prevent the cell from bursting under osmotic pressure. They are composed primarily of cellulose and surround the membrane. Anim... More »

Tonicity is the osmotic pressure gradient of two solutions separated by a semi-permeable membrane. A hypotonic solution contains less solute but more water than another solution. Pure water is hypotonic compared to any s... More »

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When a solution is formed, it is characterized by four main properties, known as colligative properties: vapor pressure, boiling point, freezing point and osmotic pressure. Solutes added to a solvent create a solution th... More »