Basic principles Phenomenology was not founded; it grew. Its fountainhead was Husserl, who held professorships at Göttingen and Freiburg im Breisgau and who wrote Die Idee der Phänomenologie (The Idea of Phenomenology) in 1906.
The Idea of Phenomenology (Husserliana: Edmund Husserl – Collected Works)
From the conception of transcendental developed by Kant, Husserl sets out to conceive a positive approach for philosophy. This positive approach focuses on the essence of phenomenal data, of the immediately given, to provide a study of what constitutes life in its immanent sense.
Edmund Husserl was the principal founder of phenomenology—and thus one of the most influential philosophers of the 20 th century. He has made important contributions to almost all areas of philosophy and anticipated central ideas of its neighbouring disciplines such as linguistics, sociology and cognitive psychology. 1.
The Idea of Phenomenology, which consists of five lectures that Husserl delivered in Göttingen in 1907, comes from perhaps the most important period in his overall philosophical development.
As a teaching text, The Idea of Phenomenology is ideal: it is brief, it is unencumbered by the technical terminology of Husserl's later work, it bears a clear connection to the problem of knowledge as formulated in the Cartesian tradition, and it is accompanied by a translator's introduction that clearly spells out the structure, argument, and movement of the text.
Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl (1859-1938) was a German philosopher who established the school of phenomenology. He was born into a Jewish family (which later caused him to lose his academic position when the Nazis came to power in 1933), but was baptized as a Lutheran in 1886.
3 same lecture he characterizes the phenomenology of knowledge, more specifically, as the "theory of the essence of the pure phenomenon of knowing" (see below, p. 36). Such a phenomenology would advance the "critique of knowledge," in which the problem of knowledge is clearly formulated and the possibility of knowledge rigorously secured.
Husserl is the founder of the philosophical school known as phenomenology. The history of Husserl's philosophical development is that of an endless philosophical search for a foundational method...
As mentioned above, the most important point of Husserl's phenomenology is that he thereby answered the enigma of cognition for the first time in the history of philosophical thought. At least Husserl definitely claims that he did. We have thus to examine his claim to see if it is valid.