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According to MSN Healthy Living, cracked skin around the fingernails is usually caused by a combination of the toll that daily life takes on the hands and a lack of proper protection for the hands. Harsh chemicals for household cleaning and even soap suds can dry out the hands.


Protecting the nail and taking steps to reduce pain and swelling are treatment methods for nail infection, or paronychia, according to WebMD. Diabetic patients should visit a physician; patients should also seek medical advice if symptoms are slow to improve, a pus-filled abscess appears near the na


Fingernails are made of multiple layers of a strong material called keratin. Keratin is a protective protein produced by the body. It consists of proteins that form filaments and enzymes.


There are several home remedies for split fingernails, most of which are focused on preventing new split nails from forming. The key to treating split fingernails at home is moisturizing and strengthening nails so that they don't suffer further damage.


Easy methods to treat a smashed fingernail include applying an ice pack to the area to reduce swelling, taking an over-the-counter pain medication to ease discomfort and, with the approval of a health care provider, draining the fingernail, according to MedlinePlus. Splints should not be used on a s


Some of the most common causes of fingernail problems and abnormalities are diseases, injury to the nail, infection, drugs and poisonous substances. These factors can contribute to fingernail problems that alter the shape, color, texture and structure of the fingernails. Among the usual fingernail p


Fingernails grow from the root of the nail, pushing old cells out which flatten and harden, as new cells take their place. The flattened and hardened nail then slides along the nail bed, which is fed with minuscule blood vessels.


For adults, fingernails grow at an average rate of about 1/10 of an inch per month, while they grow about 50 percent faster in children until they reach puberty. However, the rate of growth can be affected by a person's sex, level of health and the time of year.


It takes approximately six months for an entire fingernail to grow back after falling off or being pulled from the root, says Kids Health. It takes so long for a nail to grow back after a traumatic event because nails grow slowly.


There are at least 45 different possible causes for white fingernails according to RightDiagnosis. These causes range from having white nails at birth, known as congenital white nails, to the more serious cause of arsenic poisoning.