Cuneiform texts look complex and seem hard to read, and, frankly, they are complex and are hard to read. Yet, there are degrees of complexity and even a layman can make sense of a cuneiform text. For example, the Persian script is alphabetic and often used in clearly legible rock inscriptions ...
Learn how to write in Cuneiform. For best results, use a fountain pen with a soft nib that you can press a little for the beginning of the symbol and release the pressure as you draw the straight tail of the symbol.
Cuneiform writing was gradually replaced by the Phoenician alphabet during the Neo-Assyrian Empire (911–612 BC). By the second century AD, the script had become extinct, its last traces being found in Assyria and Babylonia, and all knowledge of how to read it was lost until it began to be deciphered in the 19th century.
Sumerian cuneiform is the earliest known writing system. Its origins can be traced back to about 8,000 BC and it developed from the pictographs and other symbols used to represent trade goods and livestock on clay tablets. Originally the Sumerians made small tokens out of clay to represent the items.
General Comments on Sumerian Cuneiform . Before we get into the nitty gritty of reading Sumerian in cuneiform, we should probably first take a look at some of the concepts and issues involved with cuneiform in general, and Sumerian cuneiform in particular. A few of these details are laid out below.
Through cuneiform we hear the voices not just of kings and their scribes, but children, bankers, merchants, priests and healers – women as well as men. It is utterly fascinating to read other people’s letters, especially when they are 4,000 years old and written in such elegant and delicate script.
"Cuneiform" is part of the British Museum's "Reading the Past" series that introduces readers to ancient writing systems. This volume is written by Christopher B. F. Walker, a specialist in Babylonian cuneiform and Mesopotamian history. Like other volumes of the series, this book does not attempt to instruct people in how to read the scripts.
Sumeria is in the Middle East around the southern portions of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in what is now Iraq and Kuwait. The Sumerian civilization is one of the oldest-known on Earth, dating ...