According to The United States Potato Board, seven types of potatoes are commonly enjoyed by consumers: russet, long white, round white, fingerlings, red, yellow and blue or purple. The potato industry refers to them as table-stock varieties.
A potato that is sprouting can be planted in order to grow more potatoes, according to GrowVeg.com. Potatoes that haven't started sprouting, however, are dormant and won't grow until dormancy has been broken.
An average potato contains between 110 to 120 calories, which is why it is considered one of the best choices for those wishing to add some weight. Potatoes do not contain fats, cholesterol and sodium making them a healthy choice for just about anyone wishing to consume a nutritious and healthy meal
Waxy potatoes that are low in starch are best for making potato salad. These types of potatoes include the red-skinned potato, yellow potato, fingerling potato, white potato and purple/blue potato.
To make Hellmann's potato salad, combine 2 pounds diced, boiled potatoes with 2 tablespoons white vinegar, 1 teaspoon sugar, 1/2 cup chopped celery, 1/2 cup diced onion and 1 cup mayonnaise. Add salt and pepper to taste, and chill the potato salad before serving if desired.
One easy way to make roasted potatoes is to cut small red potatoes into wedges, toss them with olive oil, then season them with salt and pepper. Spread the seasoned potatoes on a foil-lined baking sheet, and bake them for 40 minutes or until they're golden brown and tender.
An easy potato soup recipe calls for adding shredded hash browns, chicken broth and cream of chicken soup to a slow cooker and cooking it on low for eight hours. Bacon bits or ham chunks can be added to the slow cooker for additional flavor. Garnish with cheddar cheese.
Make potato cakes by taking cold or leftover mashed potatoes, adding egg and flour and then frying them to a golden color. Season the potato cakes with green onions and cayenne, and serve them with ketchup as desired.
A white potato is a tuber with an edible plant but inedible leaves. Sweet potatoes are another species of tuber with leaves that are edible and nutritious.
Potatoes that make good potato salad are Yellow Finn, Yukon Gold and red. These potatoes have waxy skin and do not disintegrate when they are chopped and mixed with other ingredients.