A carbon atom typically possesses six electrons – two in its inner shell and four in its outer shell. This number varies due to a number of circumstances, but a stand-alone atom with no charge contains six electrons. More »

One neutral atom of carbon has four valence electrons. An easy way to tell how many valence electrons an element has is to look at the periodic table and find the element's main group number. Carbon is in group 4, which ... More »

In its ground, or lowest-energy, state, carbon has two unpaired electrons. However, there are four total outer, or valence, electrons, meaning carbon atoms have four possible bonding sites. More »

The properties of valence electrons are determined by the total number of electrons in an atom's outer shell. Atoms with similar numbers of valence electrons are classified into a specific group of elements, which may th... More »

With an atomic number of 4, beryllium has four electrons: two electron shells surround the atom's nucleus and two electrons in each shell. Beryllium is a rigid metal with an atomic mass of 9.0122. It is lightweight but s... More »

Sulfur has six valence electrons, meaning that each atom of this element has six electrons in its outermost shell. The number of valence electrons that each element has can be predicted based on its location on the perio... More »

A phosphide ion is an negatively charged potassium atom that has three additional electrons in its outermost shell. Phosphide ions are nonmetallic and can chemically react with a variety of metallic elements to form ioni... More »