In the medicine field gene therapy (also called human gene transfer) is the therapeutic delivery of nucleic acid into a patient's cells as a drug to treat disease. The first attempt at modifying human DNA was performed in 1980 by Martin Cline, but the first successful nuclear gene transfer in humans, approved by the National Institutes of Health, was performed in May 1989.
How does gene therapy work? Gene therapy is designed to introduce genetic material into cells to compensate for abnormal genes or to make a beneficial protein. If a mutated gene causes a necessary protein to be faulty or missing, gene therapy may be able to introduce a normal copy of the gene to restore the function of the protein. ...
Gene therapy is the addition of new genes to a patient's cells to replace missing or malfunctioning genes. ... can be performed inside or outside of the body. ... Early in-the-body gene therapies ...
Gene therapy uses sections of DNA (usually genes) to treat or prevent disease.; The DNA is carefully selected to correct the effect of a mutated gene that is causing disease. The technique was first developed in 1972 but has, so far, had limited success in treating human diseases.
Gene therapy can be performed both inside and outside the body. This infographic illustrates in simple terms how gene therapy works inside the body. Download a high-resolution version from Flickr.
Gene therapy is using "genes as medicine". It is an experimental approach to treating genetic disease where the faulty gene is fixed, replaced or supplemented with a healthy gene so that it can function normally. Most genetic diseases cannot be treated, but gene therapy research gives some hope to patients and their families as a possible cure.
Argument of Human Gene Therapy Consider what a nation would gain by permitting parents to genetically enhance their children. By assumption, the genetic enhancement technology increases the ability of children to learn and perform cognitive tasks, and thus to acquire and generate knowledge.
Gene therapy attempts to treat genetic diseases at the molecular level by correcting what is wrong with defective genes. Clinical research into gene therapy’s safety and effectiveness has just begun. No one knows if gene therapy will work, or for what diseases.
St. Jude gene therapy cures 'bubble boy' disease with help of late researcher Sorrentino “We’re comfortable, I think, at this point stating this is a cure,” St. Jude's CEO said.
Gene therapy offers a range of complex ethical and moral dilemmas. Some people believe that gene therapy is the same thing as genetic engineering. Currently, genetic engineering is concerned with altering food crops, while gene therapy aims to eliminate disease at its source, not produce a ‘better’ class of human being.