Elements are named when a suggested name is approved by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC). Most countries use the element name adopted by IUPAC. Names can come from many areas, including scien... More »

Many of the elements in the periodic table are of Latin or Greek origin, but four are named after heavenly bodies: uranium, neptunium, tellurium (named for "tellus," the Latin word for Earth) and plutonium. Some elements... More »

The only element named after a state is californium. A team of researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, first produced the element in 1950. More »

The systematic names for water, as determined by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC), are water and oxidane, although water is the more commonly used term by chemists. The traditional name has b... More »

To name bicyclic compounds based on the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) system of nomenclature, start with the term "bicyclo." Count the number of carbons between the structure's bridgeheads, an... More »

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The scientific name for water is either water or oxidane, according to the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. Water may also be referred to as H2O or HOH, based on its composition of two hydrogen atoms an... More »

The acronym "STP" stands for standard temperature and pressure, as defined by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. It is defined as a temperature of 273.15 degrees Kelvin and a pressure of 100 kilopasca... More »

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