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Body size, weight gain, age, gender and hormones can affect metabolism, according to WebMD. People can control some of these factors and increase metabolism. "Metabolism" refers to how quickly the body utilizes energy.


Physical activity increases body temperature; increased body temperature raises metabolism. A person who is exercising burns more energy (or calories) than someone sitting at a desk.


According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, "metabolism" is defined as the chemical process a plant or an animal uses to create energy needed for survival. Metabolism is responsible for everything from digestion to breathing and muscle movement.


According to the American Pregnancy Association, alcohol negatively affects the fetus during pregnancy by increasing the risk for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. Alcohol is a teratogen; it is harmful to human development. When a pregnant women drinks alcohol, so does the fetus inside her through t


Alcohol has a negative effect on diabetes by making blood sugars rise, WebMD explains. Excessive amounts of alcohol can cause blood sugar to drop dramatically, making it difficult to moderate blood sugar levels.


Alcohol may affect the liver by causing inflammation or damaging liver cells. Individuals who consume too much alcohol over a long period of time are likely to get a condition known as alcoholic liver disease, notes MedlinePlus.


The unsaturated fats, protein, manganese and niacin in peanut butter provide a healthy boost to metabolism, reports SFGate. Eating peanut butter with breakfast and snacks increases metabolism and provides a feeling of satiety that helps people stave off hunger and avoid becoming overweight, explains


Drinking more than three alcoholic drinks in one sitting temporarily increases blood pressure, and frequent binge drinking leads to an increase in long-term blood pressure, explains Mayo Clinic. Experts recommend individuals with high blood pressure avoid alcohol or only drink moderate amounts.


According to Georgia State University, metabolic processes produce heat by liberating the energy stored in food sources. Just as a fire produces heat by releasing some of the energy contained in the chemical bonds of the fuel, humans and other animals free the energy found in the chemical bonds of t


Children of alcoholic parents can show a variety of emotional and psychological issues, which typically include guilt regarding the parent's drinking, anxiety and fear, embarrassment, anger and depression. Children of alcoholic parents often have difficulty trusting others. These emotional issues ca