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Pollution affects animals by destroying their habitats, poisoning them, forcing them to migrate and causing disease or vulnerability. Pollution can be in the air, water or on land.


Water pollution causes immense damage to marine life and the death of numerous land animals. It kills more than a million mammals and seabirds every year and has caused around 400 dead zones worldwide.


Air pollution harms animals as a result of direct exposure to contaminants and destruction of their habitats, food and water sources. For instance, acid rain, which forms when pollutants in the atmosphere combine with precipitation, causes aluminum to leach out of the s...


Water pollution can stunt, sicken, kill or sterilize aquatic animals and plants. Water pollution affects plants and animals in a variety of ways, depending on the nature of the pollutant in question. Because most pollution eventually makes its way to the world’s waters,...


The most common effect of water pollution on human beings is disease. Drinking water contaminated by disease-carrying micro-organisms, also known as pathogens, cause various waterborne diseases, such as typhoid, dysentery, hepatitis and cholera.


Bethany Wieman of SF Gate Home Guides notes that pollution affects humans and other living things in a number of ways, including an increased risk of asthma. This is due to the high level of carcinogens in the particles and gases that make up air pollution.


EduGreen states that water pollution affects humans by causing health problems, particularly water-borne diseases. Sources of water contaminants include pesticides, sewage, nutrients, synthetic organics and acidification of surface water.