How and when rogue waves form is still unknown and being discovered by scientists. A few of their causes, however, are thought to include constructive interference and focusing of wave energy. More »

As the distance between the wave base and the ocean floor narrows, a wave moves around sediment. In this interaction, the wave loses some of its energy and slows down. Water piles up behind this slower wave, increasing t... More »

Many factors impact the generation, severity, frequency and strength of ocean waves. One of the most important factors leading to the formation of an ocean wave is the wind. The shapes of the basins of the ocean dictate ... More »

Tidal waves are caused by the gravitational fields of the sun, the moon and the earth. A tidal wave is a small, regularly occurring wave caused by the shifting of the tide. More »

Tidal waves are caused by the gravitational pull of the sun and moon on the Earth. The moon's gravitational pull has a greater influence on Earth because it is closer. The moon creates a bulge in the ocean on the side of... More »

Characteristics that all waves have in common are wavelength, amplitude and frequency. Apart from these properties, different types of waves have a number of varying characteristics. A wave is defined as a repetitive dis... More »

Tides form when the gravitational forces of the moon and sun act on the Earth as it spins around its axis. Tides are the rise and fall of the sea level in reference to land. For example, spring tides are the result of th... More » Science Weather & Tides Tides