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The main component of the lab portion of a Population Genetics and Evolution course involves looking at the Hardy-Weinberg law of genetic equilibrium. This law provides a mathematical model for studying the evolutionary changes in the frequency of alleles, or genes.


Natural variations, also known as genetic variations, are mutations that randomly occur during sex cell division. These variations lead to different phenotypes that change an offspring's ability to survive and reach sexual maturity.


In scientific terms, evolution is both a theory and a fact. A fact refers to a scientific explanation that has been tested and confirmed often enough that there is no reason to keep looking for additional examples. Scientists accept evolution as a fact due to overwhelming evidence supporting it.


Organic evolution are the events involved in the evolutionary development of a species. It means that all life descended from other life, although features may have changed dramatically along the way.


Biological evolution is defined as organisms reproducing but experiencing changes with each generation. Evolution can happen in a small and large context. There are small genetic changes between generations, as well as large changes that happen over multiple generations.


An example of biological evolution is the evolution of the tiger, during which time the tiger's ancestors grew in size due to an abundance of larger prey animals. This led to the large size and musculature, as well as the stripe adaptations to more easily blend into their specific hunting ground.


During prophase I of meiosis, homologous chromosomes cross over and contribute genetic information from the mother and father cells. When this happens, the resultant haploid cell contains its own genetic information.


Variation, a term in genetic science, refers to a genetic change that causes differing characteristics between organisms in a certain species. Much of the variation within and between species is due to differential regulation of genes and alleles. Gene alleles determine distinct traits passed on fro


The theory of evolution proposed by Charles Darwin entails the evolution by natural selection of all life on earth. It states that new generations are born with different inheritable traits, and that the traits that are superior for survival will be passed on to new generations. This means that give


A variation order is a change, often in construction, that modifies all or part of an existing order. Many construction projects undergo changes, especially after the beginning of building, and the cost impact on a construction project with a variation order can be costly.