Description of the African Elephant. The best word to describe African elephants is “huge”! The larger species can grow over 13 ft. tall at the shoulder, and weigh 13,000 lbs. or more.
The largest animal on land, the African elephant starts out life big - usually 200 pounds at birth, and grows at a rate of up to 2 pounds a day. Most adult males reach full height - about 10 or 11 feet- at age fifteen, but continue to gain mass well into their thirties.
The biggest threats to African elephants are the ivory trade and habitat destruction. Poaching for meat and ivory significantly reduced the population of African elephants in the 20th century. The African elephant has governmental protection, but such poaching is still a serious threat to the species.
In the world of elephants, bigger is definitely better, even if it means just looking big. Male African elephants continue to grow throughout their lives, and can reach 7½ tons–more than two Hummers! A Closer Look The elephant’s foot is a spongy pad with four or five toes and toenails.
The average size of an elephant varies among African and Asian Elephants. The height of an African elephant is about 2.5 to 4 meters, and Asian Elephants are 2 to 3 meters tall. The African elephants weighs up to 2,268 to 6,350 kilograms, while Asian Elephants weighs up to 2,041 to 4,990 kilograms.
With more than a 30% drop in the savannah elephant population in 10 eastern and southern African countries (including all those with major elephant populations), and the rate of the decline increasing between 2007 and 2015, it is clear the Africa elephant is in trouble and its future uncertain.
The three elephant species currently recognized by scientists are the African Bush Elephant (Loxodonta africana), the African Forest Elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis), and the Asian, or Indian, Elephant (Elephas maximus).Centuries of hunting elephants for their ivory has reduced the population of these animals.
Distinguishing Between Asian and African Elephants . There are many similarities between Asian and African elephants, but there are simple ways to distinguish one from the other. African elephants have much larger ears that seem to be shaped like the continent of Africa. They need large ears to cool off their bodies on the hot continent of Africa.
Big-tusked elephants will always be in demand by hunters and poachers, and the Timbavati controversy serves to highlight the importance of putting effective conservation policies in place to ...
The African elephant has four nails on the front feet and three nails on the back feet. All elephants walk on the tips of their toes, and sometimes their nails are so worn down that they are not always visible in their footprints. Although elephants are large animals, they can move nearly silently thanks to the thickly padded layer of tissue on ...