The Iroquois Confederacy or Haudenosaunee is believed to have been founded by the Peacemaker at an unknown date, estimated to have been sometime between 1450 and 1660, bringing together five distinct nations in the southern Great Lakes area into "The Great League of Peace". Each nation within this Iroquoian confederacy had a distinct language, territory, and function in the League.
Iroquois, any member of the North American Indian tribes speaking a language of the Iroquoian family. They occupied a continuous territory around the Lakes Ontario, Huron, and Erie in present-day New York state and Pennsylvania (U.S.) and southern Ontario and Quebec (Canada).
Established in either 1142 or 1451, the Five Nations Iroquois confederacy consisted of the Mohawks, the Oneidas, the Onondagas, the Cayugas, and the Senecas. When the Tuscaroras joined in 1712 the union adapted the name Haudenosaunee, which translates to mean “six separate Indian nations”.
The Iroquois Confederacy considered them enemies and wiped out the entire tribe. By 1650, the Iroquois began to push their way into the rich Ohio Country between the Great Lakes and the Ohio River. They conquered and drove out various groups of Native Americans living in the area.
History >> Native Americans for Kids Who were the Iroquois? The Iroquois were a League or Confederacy of tribes in the Northeastern part of America. Originally they were formed by five tribes: the Cayuga, Onondaga, Mohawk, Seneca, and Oneida. Later, in the 1700s, the Tuscarora tribe joined.
The Iroquois didn’t call themselves “Iroquois”, which is an Algonquin insult meaning “snakes”. They called themselves the “ Haudenosaunee “, meaning “people who live in longhouses.” Or they called themselves by the kind of Iroquois they were – the Cayugas , the Mohawks , the Oneida , or the Seneca , for example.
The Iroquois opposed American citizenship when it was finally extended by the Congress in 1924 to all Native Americans in the United States. They also fought the Wheeler-Howard Indian Reorganization Act (1934) which would have required federal approval of their tribal governments. First Nations referred to in this Iroquois History: Abenaki Delaware
Iroquois Indians, Iroquois People, Iroquois First Nation (Algonkin: Irinakhoiw, ‘real adders’, with the French suffix –ois).The confederation of Iroquoian tribes known in history, among other names, by that of the Five Nations, comprising the Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, and Seneca.Their name for themselves as a political body was Oñgwanonsioñni’, ‘we are of the extended lodge.’
Introduction The Iroquois Indians are Native American people that lived in the Northeastern U.S. The area is also referred to as the Eastern Woodlands region and encompasses New York State and the immediate surrounding areas. The Iroquois originally called themselves Kanonsionni, meaning people of the Longhouse (the name of the shelter they live in), but today they go by the name Haudenosaunee.
The Beaver Wars, also known as the Iroquois Wars or the French and Iroquois Wars (French: Guerres franco-iroquoises), encompass a series of conflicts fought intermittently during the 17th century in America.They were battles for economic welfare throughout the Saint Lawrence River valley in Canada and the lower Great Lakes region which pitted the Iroquois against the northern Algonquians and ...