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The Calusa: "The Shell Indians" The Calusa (kah LOOS ah) lived on the sandy shores of the southwest coast of Florida. These Indians controlled most of south Florida. The population of this tribe may have reached as many as 50,000 people. The Calusa men were tall and well built with long hair.


The Calusa (said to mean fierce people ) are a Native American tribe that once inhabited the southwestern coast of Florida.The Calusa are said to have been a socially complex and politically powerful tribe, and most of southern Florida was controlled by them.


The Calusa (/ k ə ˈ l uː s ə / kə-LOO-sə) were a Native American people of Florida's southwest coast. Calusa society developed from that of archaic peoples of the Everglades region. Previous indigenous cultures had lived in the area for thousands of years.


From several firsthand accounts of south Florida Indians written by Europeans, it is apparent that the Calusa were socially complex and politically powerful. Calusa influence extended over most of south Florida in the sixteenth century. The Calusa were well established, with a population of several thousand.


Calusa, North American Indian tribe that inhabited the southwest coast of Florida from Tampa Bay to Cape Sable and Cape Florida, together with all the outlying keys. According to some authorities their territory also extended inland as far as Lake Okeechobee.Their linguistic affiliation is not certain. Their estimated population in 1650 was 3,000 living in 50 villages.


Calusa History. Most early navigators who touched upon the west coast of Florida must have encountered the Calusa but the first definite appearance of the tribe historically is in connection with shipwrecks of Spanish fleets, particularly the periodical treasure fleet from Mexico, upon the Calusa coast.


THE CALUSA INDIANS OF SOUTHWEST FLORIDA. Along the southwest Gulf coast lived the Calusa (Caloosa) Indians. A new tribe that entered Florida either from the islands or the north at the start of the Christian Era, the Calusa dominated South Florida with their statute, skills, and brutality. Mound Key, an island west of Fort Myers, was the center of this large Calusa Empire.


The Calusa Indians were a tribe of Native Americans that inhabited the southwest coast of Florida. Most historians believe they were direct descendants of the paleo Indians that lived in Florida up to 12,000 years ago.


The best book for kids is probably The Calusa And Their Legacy, which tells the history of the Calusa tribe in clear language with many pictures. A more complex book on Calusa society is The Evolution of the Calusa, which I recommend to older students. ...