Porcelain is fired at a higher temperature than earthenware so that the body can vitrify and become non-porous. Many types of porcelain in the past have been fired twice or even three times, to allow decoration using less robust pigments in overglaze enamel. History Chinese porcelain
The invention of porcelain in China was a development that changed the face of art throughout the world.It took years for the process to be replicated anywhere else, but by then the ubiquity of Chinese porcelain was firmly stamped in the books of history.
Kaolin ('china clay') is named after the village of 高 岭 Gāolǐng near Jingdezhen is a clay mineral, principally aluminum silicate produced from the weathering of feldspar. High quality porcelain is made by equal parts of porcelain stone and china clay, a cheaper material is made with a higher proportion of porcelain stone.
A look into the long history of Chinese porcelain and how it changed the world.
The ancient history of any country can often be read in the antique pottery shards unearthed by eager archaeologists and deciphered by anthropologists. With the early invention of durable porcelain, China has a robust pottery-powered story right down through the centuries of its dynamic history.
Porcelain is said to date back over 2,000 years and some of the first evidence of porcelain pieces have been traced back to the Eastern Han Dynasty in China. At this time, Celadon, China’s famous jade green glaze that was often found on the porcelain, was very popular.
Precursor of Porcelain: Chinese Celadon. The early history of porcelain took place primarily in China, which explains why porcelain is also known as china. As early as 100 A.D., Chinese artisans had developed kilns capable of high-firing pots. However, the techniques and materials were still quite crude.
Porcelain, vitrified pottery with a white, fine-grained body that is usually translucent, as distinguished from earthenware, which is porous, opaque, and coarser. The distinction between porcelain and stoneware, the other class of vitrified pottery material, is less clear. In China, porcelain is defined as pottery that is resonant when struck.
History of China . Chinese historical records reach back into the realm of legend, 5,000 years ago. It is impossible to cover even the major events of this ancient culture in a short space, but here are some highlights. The first non-mythical dynasty to rule China was the Xia (2200- 1700 BCE), founded by Emperor Yu.
Chinese ceramics range from construction materials such as bricks and tiles, to hand-built pottery vessels fired in bonfires or kilns, to the sophisticated Chinese porcelain wares made for the imperial court and for export. Porcelain was a Chinese invention and is so identified with China that it is still called "china" in everyday English usage.