A heavy, silvery d-block element, mercury is the only metallic element that is liquid at standard conditions for temperature and pressure; the only other element that is liquid under these conditions is the halogen bromine, though metals such as caesium, gallium, and rubidium melt just above room temperature.
The Greeks used mercury in ointments and the Romans used it, unfortunately for those using it, in cosmetics. Mercury is one of the elements which has an alchemical symbol, shown below (alchemy is an ancient pursuit concerned with, for instance, the transformation of other metals into gold).
Mercury: Element of the Ancients The Promise of Power. Intriguing because of its silver hue and liquid state at room temperature, elemental mercury was known to the ancient Greeks, Romans, Chinese and Hindus. Each civilization had its own legends about mercury, and it was used as everything from a medicine to a talisman.
Mercury is pronounced as MER-kyoo-ree. History and Uses: Mercury was known to the ancient Chinese and Hindus and has been found in 3500 year old Egyptian tombs. Mercury is not usually found free in nature and is primarily obtained from the mineral cinnabar (HgS). Spain and Italy produce about half of the world's supply of Mercury.
Cinnabar would yield up its mercury simply on heating in a crucible, and the metal fascinated people because it was a liquid that would dissolve gold. The ancients used in on a large scale to extract alluvial gold from the sediment of rivers. The mercury dissolved the gold which could be reclaimed by distilling off the mercury.
Mercury: Mercury (Hg), chemical element, liquid metal of Group 12 (IIb, or zinc group) of the periodic table. atomic number 80 atomic weight 200.59 melting point −38.87 °C (−37.97 °F) boiling point 356.9 °C (674 °F) specific gravity 13.5 at 20 °C (68 °F) valence 1, 2 electron configuration 2-8-18-32-18-2 or
Mercury and most of its compounds are highly toxic. The pure metal is absorbed easily by inhalation, ingestion or through the skin. It is also a chronic pollutant and mercury concentrates in animal/fish tissues in increasing amounts up the food chain. Characteristics: Mercury is a dense, silvery-white, poisonous metal with a mirror-like appearance.
Mercury has a very high surface tension, so it forms rounded beads of liquid. Although mercury and all of it compounds are known to be highly toxic, it was considered therapeutic throughout much of history. The modern element symbol for mercury is Hg, which is the symbol for another name for mercury: hydrargyrum.
Mercury, also known as quicksilver or hydrargyrum, is a chemical element.Its symbol on the periodic table is Hg, and its atomic number is 80. Its atomic mass is 200.59.. The symbol Hg stands for its Latinized Greek name hydrargyrum, meaning watery or liquid silver
Mercury looks pretty, in its shiny, fast-moving liquid form, but don't touch! It can be extremely poisonous to humans. The symbol Hg that mercury is known by comes from its Greek name, hydrargyrum ...