The recorded history of the Dominican Republic began when the Genoa-born navigator Christopher Columbus, working for the Spanish Crown, happened upon a large island in the region of the western Atlantic Ocean that later came to be known as the Caribbean.
Dominican Republic, country of the West Indies that occupies the eastern two-thirds of Hispaniola, the second largest island of the Greater Antilles chain in the Caribbean Sea. Haiti, also an independent republic, occupies the western third of the island.The Dominican Republic’s shores are washed by the Caribbean to the south and the Atlantic Ocean to the north.
The Dominican Republic in the West Indies occupies the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, which it shares with Haiti. Its area equals that of Vermont and New Hampshire combined. Duarte Peak, at 10,417 ft (3,175 m), is the highest point in the West Indies. The Dominican Republic was ...
Throughout Dominican history, this sociopolitical order was a major factor in the development of some of the distinctive characteristics of the nation’s political culture such as paternalism, personalism, and the tendency toward strong, even authoritarian, leadership .
The Dominican Republic's relationship with neighbouring Haiti is strained over mass Haitian migration to the Dominican Republic, with citizens of the Dominican Republic blaming the Haitians for increased crime and other social problems. The Dominican Republic is a regular member of the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie.
From this time on the Dominican Republic was almost constantly under the rule of caudillos, strong military leaders who ruled the country as if it were their personal fiefdom. Over the next 70 years, the Dominican Republic had multiple outbreaks of civil war and was characterized by political instability and economic chaos.
The eastern half of the island of Hispaniola, now known as the Dominican Republic, is the earliest of all the European colonies in the western hemisphere. The settlement of Santo Domingo is established on the south coast in 1496 by Diego Columbus, younger brother of the explorer. It becomes the main ...
Dominican Republic in the 21st Century. Today the Dominican Republic still exports sugar and coffee but tourism is a rapidly growing industry. Although Dominican Republic is still poor the economy is growing strongly. Today the population of Dominican Republic is 10.7 million. A short history of Haiti. A short history of Jamaica. A short ...
The following discussion focuses on the history of the Dominican Republic from the time of European settlement. For a treatment of the country in its regional context, see West Indies, history of, and Latin America, history of. …brothers brought baseball to the Dominican Republic in the 1880s, and ...