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Simple nephrectomy involves making an incision up to 12 inches and removing an entire kidney, while partial nephrectomy involves creating a smaller cut and removing only part of a kidney, explains Healthline. During laparoscopic surgery, a doctor makes several tiny cuts instead of a single long inci


It takes three to six weeks to recover after having a kidney removed, according to MedlinePlus. During the first week after surgery, patients typically have pain in the abdomen or near the incision. There is also bruising and redness around the wound.


The procedure to remove a cancerous kidney tumor may include a radical nephrectomy to remove the whole kidney and surrounding structures or a partial nephrectomy to remove only the cancerous portion of the kidney, according to the American Cancer Society. The surgeon may complete either procedure wi


Patients who have had a kidney removed can generally follow a normal diet that provides plenty of fiber, according to MedlinePlus. Staying hydrated is important, and individuals should drink between four and eight glasses of water per day, unless their doctor provides other guidance.


Specific risks that are associated with kidney removal include injury to nearby organs, hernia of the wound, kidney failure and poor functioning of the remaining kidney, as stated by National Institutes of Health's MedlinePlus. It may also have other common surgery risks, including bleeding, breathi


Surgery is the primary treatment for most kidney cancers, according to the Kidney Cancer Association. There are different types of surgeries available, and the specific procedure depends on the type of cancer, the size of the tumor, the extent of the cancer and the overall health of the patient.


For many physicians, surgery is an option for a kidney mass at clinical stage 1, according to the American Urological Association. At this point, the mass is less than 7 centimeters. About 20 percent of stage 1 masses are benign.


After a kidney removal, doctors recommend eating the usual diet and drinking four to eight glasses of water daily, according to MedlinePlus. Doctors may suggest eating fiber-rich foods or taking psyllium if the patient has hard stools after surgery.


If a kidney stone is too large to pass through the urinary tract, a surgeon might perform a ureteroscopy to remove the stone from the body. Although a surgeon removes the stone, ureteroscopy is considered an outpatient procedure, according to the National Kidney Foundation.


While rare, possible complications following a kidney removal include breathing trouble, allergic reactions to certain medications, heart attack, stroke and blood loss, reports Healthline. It is also possible for patients to develop an infection at the site of the incision or experience a pulmonary