Moss mainly grows in shady areas where there is an abundance of moisture. As a general rule, moss mostly grows on the northern side of trees in the northern hemisphere, while it grows mainly on the southern side of trees in the southern hemisphere.
In order for moss to grow, it requires a damp environment or water, humidity, mild sunlight and a soil pH below 6.5. Mosses are flowerless plants that are usually green in color, even though their shades may vary depending on environmental factors.
Shade gardens are often good locations to plant annuals such as begonias, coleus and impatiens, all of which love shade, reports Lowe's. Additionally, there are a wide variety of plants and shrubs, most of which are known more for their foliage than their flowers, are capable of thriving in the shad
Low-altitude pikas survive by eating moss, but very few other animals can do so because moss is a very poor-quality food, says National Geographic. Fairfax County Public Schools reports that a few small mites and crustaceans eat moss, but most small animals use it as shelter material rather than foo
Flame moss grows at a rate of one-fifth of an inch per week. It reaches lengths of about 2 to 6 inches. It is a good choice for covering joins and equipment in an aquarium and also provides good cover for fry.
Some fast-growing shade trees includes hybrid poplar, red maple, American sycamore, Leyland cypress and river birch. These trees will not only provide quick shady retreat, but also furnish a display that will add visual interest to home landscaping, as stated by the Arbor Day Foundation.
Coral bells, dead nettle, foamflower, and lungwort are some common flowers that grow in the shade. Other flowering plants that thrive in the shade are foxglove, primrose, spurge and lady's mantle.
Moss can be removed from trees and bushes by hand, through power washing or through the application of chemicals, such as copper sulfate or lime sulfur. Chemical control methods are not typically recommended for homeowners because the chemicals used are toxic and corrosive.
Among the trees that adapt well to different degrees of shade are the American hornbeam, the pawpaw and the Allegheny serviceberry. All trees require a minimum amount of sun to perform photosynthesis. Trees that grow in heavy shade need less than three hours of direct sunlight and filtered sunlight
St. Augustine, red fescue and Chewings fescue grow especially well in shady areas, according to Lowe's. However, no type of grass will grow in deep shade conditions. These types of grasses will grow in less sunny spots, but still need a minimal amount of sunlight to stay healthy.