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Successful coyote baits have a strong smell that attract coyotes over large distances. Many good coyote baits include meat and nonfood smells such as urine.


Identifying coyotes involves observing size, color and physical characteristics as well as listening to vocalizations. Coyotes are smaller than wolves and are about the size of a small German shepherd. They have long pointed faces, narrow muzzles and large triangular ears. Coyotes can vary in color


Coyotes are wild, meat-eating members of the dog family that travel in packs throughout North America and have strong family ties. Known for being cleaver and savvy, their main habitats are the mountains and forests, though urban colonies are not uncommon.


The primary predators of coyotes are wolves, though they do not have a predator/prey relationship. Two are in direct competition over prey animals, since both are considered to be at the top of the food chain.


Coyotes range throughout North and Central America. They live in hollow logs, brush piles and burrows. They dig their own burrows or sometimes take over other animals' burrows.


According to the Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, coyotes typically live 10 to 14 years in the wild. Coyotes in zoos or other facilities live to be as old as 20.


Cage traps, paw traps and snares can all trap coyotes; however, coyotes are often naturally wary of metal cages. A paw trap is the most common way of catching a coyote, but state regulations vary on what the trapper must do once the coyote is caught.


When trapping coyotes it is important that you use the proper trap. A trap should be big and fast enough to catch the coyote that sets it off. There are also regulations where traps can be set and what traps can be used to catch coyotes.


The two main differences between a coyote and a dog involve the tails and the tracks. Coyotes usually hold their tails down, while dogs hold theirs up in the air. While a coyote's track is oval with the nails pointed inward, a dog's track is round with the nails pointed outward. Coyote tracks also t


A coyote trap works by capturing the coyote's paw between two jaws, which are released by springs when the animal steps on a plate in the center of the trap. The trap is staked firmly into the ground so that the coyote can't pull it loose.