The Georgia Public Service Commission's website produces monthly charts that detail companies and their rates for natural gas. Monthly charts are available as far back as 2002.
Georgia Natural Gas accepts payments in the form of checks or money orders, payments by phone, online bill pay, and automatic bank drafts. Additionally, customers can make payments through Wal-Mart stores, K-Mart stores and Western Union payment stations.
Some gas providers in Georgia include Gas South, FireSide Natural Gas Company, Georgia Natural Gas and True Natural Gas. All four providers offer both commercial and residential gas services.
The average price for natural gas fluctuates quite a bit from state to state, with the states on the East Coast normally paying quite a bit more than most others. In general, states that either produce large quantities of natural gas or are served by major gas pipelines, such as Utah, Alaska, Colora
Natural gas is priced in accordance with the market supply and demand factors. The three most important factors that affect the price include the amount of gas being purchased, the transportation cost and the amount of processing required to prepare the gas according to the buyer’s needs.
The primary driver of natural gas prices is a spike in demand when available supplies are low. For instance, natural gas use peaks over the winter due to its use as a heating fuel. Weather and refining capacity problems can also lead to short-term increases in natural gas prices.
Futures prices for natural gas vary from day to day and are also based on the delivery date of the contract. Natural gas futures trade at the New York Mercantile Exchange. Futures prices listed on indexes and real time quotes use the unit dollars per million British thermal units.
The laws of supply and demand affect the price of natural gas. There are few available short-term alternatives to the product for purposes such as heating and the generation of electricity. Accordingly, when the supply of natural gas goes down, the demand increases, forcing prices to rise.
The current market price of natural gas can be found on Nasdaq.com. The website provides a graph showing prices changes for a time frame of three months. As of October 19, 2015, the end of day price quote for natural gas is 2.442.
The company South Gas offers natural gas in Atlanta, Georgia, while the Atlanta Gas Light Company is the utility that distributes natural gas to the city's individual consumers. Besides Atlanta, South Gas provides natural gas to much of the state of Georgia. It also operates in Florida.