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Geography and Climate of Peru Peru is located in the western part of South America just below the equator . It has a varied topography that consists of a coastal plain in the west, high rugged mountains in its center (the Andes), and a lowland jungle in the east that leads into the Amazon River basin.


Peru is a country on the central western coast of South America facing the Pacific Ocean.It lies wholly in the Southern Hemisphere, its northernmost extreme reaching to 1.8 minutes of latitude or about 3.3 kilometres (2.1 mi) south of the equator.Peru shares land borders with Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, and Chile, with its longest land border shared with Brazil.


Peru, country in western South America. Except for the Lake Titicaca basin in the southeast, its borders lie in sparsely populated zones. Peru has a great diversity of climate, of way of life, and of economic activity. The capital is Lima. Learn more about the country, including its history, geography, and culture.


Geography. Peru is an extremely diverse country, with 11 ecological regions and 84 of the world’s 117 different types of “life zone”. It has a huge variety of scenery thanks to its geography, which also provides it with a wide range of natural resources.


The rugged Andes Mountains cover almost 40% of Peru. Hundreds of snowcapped peaks jut skyward here, with many exceeding 20,000 ft. Fronting the Andes - from Ecuador to Chile - there's an arid and rocky narrow coastline; in essence, it's a sandy mountainous desert dissected by dozens of small rivers that flow into the Pacific.. In the east, the Andean Highlands slope gently down into the ri...


Peru is the third largest country in South America, after Brazil and Argentina.


Kids learn about the Geography of Peru. The history, capital, flag, climate, terrain, people, economy, and population.


The Three Major Regions of Peru Geography. The Andean mountain range defines the three macro regions that make up the geography of Peru: the coast, the moutains, and the jungle. Although this classification is somewhat simplified, it actually gives us a very clear overall idea of what makes up Peru geography.


One mountain range in Peru is the Andes. The Andes Mountains are located in Peru, running north to south along the western coast of the continent. The latitude is 10° N. to 57 ° S. The longitude is 70° W. to 80° E.


South America, the fourth-largest continent, extends from the Gulf of Darién in the northwest to the archipelago of Tierra del Fuego in the south. South America’s physical geography, environment and resources, and human geography can be considered separately. South America can be divided into three physical regions: mountains and highlands, river basins, and coastal plains.