Insulin genes obtained from human cells are inserted into bacteria, which then produce the hormone, explains Dr. Erika Gebel of Diabetes Forecast for the American Diabetes Association. Enzymes are used to break down the ... More »

Genetic engineering is important because it provides benefits in the areas of agriculture, production of valuable proteins, production of vaccines and disease-resistant plants. These benefits are often realized with a lo... More »

One of the biggest recent advances in genetic engineering is the increased use of clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats, or CRISPRs. Genetic engineers have been able to use CRISPRs for both gene regul... More »

Insulin pens are premeasured to deliver insulin in increments ranging from one-half to 2 units with maximum dosage delivery amounts varying between manufacturers, according to Healthline. Diabetics use insulin pens to in... More »

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D-Mannose treats bladder infections by binding to E. coli bacteria more strongly than E. coli binds to human cells, preventing bacterial attachment to urinary tract walls, states ClinicalTrials.gov. D-Mannose attaches to... More »

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To introduce individual genes into bacteria or eukaryotic cells, the most widely used vector is a plasmid, according to Scitable. Plasmids consist of a circular piece of double-stranded DNA that replicates one or more ti... More »

Insulin resistance means that the body produces insulin, but does not use it properly, according to the National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse. This condition leads to glucose building up in the blood, as opposed to... More »

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