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Gene therapy is an experimental technique performed by replacing a mutated gene with a healthy copy of the gene as an alternative to surgery or medications. It is designed to make a beneficial protein or introduce new genes to mutated cells to compensate for a patient's abnormal genes, explains Gene


According to Genetics Home Reference, gene therapy requires the use of healthy genes to treat illnesses. Instead of a person undergoing surgery, genes are introduced to a patient's body to replace corrupted DNA. Another method is to inactivate negative genes instead of replacing them.


Though still experimental, gene therapy fixes genetic defects and potentially reduces the need for drugs, radiation or surgical intervention. Replacing bad genes with good ones may eventually cure Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, cancer and many other diseases.


There is no medical or scientific evidence that indicates that urine therapy is helpful in the treatment of cancer, states Wholehealth Chicago. Many people drink their own urine due to their cultural or spiritual beliefs, erroneously believing that it protects their skin, whiten their teeth or help


There is not enough evidence, as of 2015, to prove that hyperbaric oxygen therapy effectively treats cancer, according to Mayo Clinic. However, at home or in the hospital, oxygen therapy is sometimes utilized for patients with lung cancer, notes WebMD.


Proton therapy generally treats tumors contained to a certain part of the body or tumors near important areas of the body, such as the eyes, brain or spinal cord, states Cancer.net. Examples of cancers treatable with proton therapy include cancer of the central nervous system, such as chordoma, chon


Common side effects of radiation therapy for lung cancer include fatigue, skin irritation, esophagitis, lung inflammation, temporary appetite and hair loss in the chest area, as confirmed by RadiologyInfo.org. Many of these side effects are temporary.


The benefits of hormone therapy for prostate cancer include slowed tumor growth and alleviation of the signs and symptoms of prostate cancer, according to Mayo Clinic. It may also reduce the chances of cancer recurrence.


Genes, which are segments of DNA acids, are found within the nuclei of cells in living organisms. Genes add specific proteins to chromosomes, which contain the basic genetic code for life. They contain the information needed to build the cells of a living organism and pass traits to offspring. Genes


Genes that occur at the same place on the chromosome but occur in different forms are called alleles. Alleles are essentially different versions of a gene, and they can cause dissimilarities in an organism's function or structure. An example is the gene responsible for melanin production in most ani