Ribosomes are a type of organelle found in every cell, and their main function is to synthesize proteins for use throughout the cell. In the ribosomes, individual amino acids are arranged into long protein chains accordi... More »

Ribosomes are responsible for protein synthesis in a cell by translating messenger RNA, or mRNA, into amino acid chains. Ribosomes exist in the cell's fluid component and are bound to the rough endoplasmic reticulum. More »

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The two types of ribosomes are free ribosomes and bound ribosomes. The classification of the ribosome depends on where it is located within a cell. Both types serve different functions. More »

The function of tRNA is to decode an mRNA sequence into a protein and transfer that protein to the ribosomes where DNA is replicated. The tRNA decides what amino acid is needed according to the codon from the mRNA molecu... More »

In a cell, proteins are made in the cell's ribosomes. Ribosomes string together long chains of amino acids to synthesize proteins. The mRNA (messenger ribonucleic acid), tRNA (transfer ribonucleic acid) and the amino aci... More »

Palisade cells are found in the mesophyll of a leaf and their main function is the absorption of light so that photosynthesis can take place. The palisade mesophyll consists of chloroplasts with chlorophyll that absorb t... More »

The ribosomes make proteins in the cell. Cytoplasmic granules that are rich in ribonucleic acid, or RNA, compose ribosomes. Proteins are made continuously and are responsible for the function, structure and regulation of... More »