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To repair a bone fracture, doctors surgically place the bone back in place and then use either a bone graft or screws, a metal plate or pins to hold the bone in position, states the New York Times. Bone grafts can assist in the healing process.


Many common problems following hip fracture surgery can be avoided by getting the patient up and walking as soon as possible, according to MedlinePlus. Other activities that aid recovery include wearing compression stockings post surgery to avoid blood clots and performing deep breathing and coughin


Surgery is a very common method of stabilizing one's spine after it has been fractured, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. However, the requirement for surgery depends on the type of fracture present.


The most popular plastic surgery procedures are breast augmentation, nose reshaping and liposuction, as of 2014, according to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons. Other popular cosmetic surgery procedures include eyelid surgery and facelifts.


Causes of a painful jaw include temporomandibular joint disorder, soft tissue and joint disorders such as osteomyelitis, rheumatoid arthritis, jaw alignment disorder and age-related wear, reports Healthgrades. Other causes include heart attack, oral cancer and dental conditions such as tooth decay,


The most common fracture of the foot is a stress fracture. This type of fracture is normally associated with high-impact activities, such as running, athletics and dancing. While these activities have a high rate of stress fractures, they also happen frequently to people from all walks of life.


Types of spinal surgery procedures include spinal fusion, laminectomy, laminoplasty, foraminotomy and diskectomy, notes WebMD. People consider spinal surgery when other treatments have failed to treat back pain. Before recommending a surgery, doctors try a combination of medication, spinal injection


Surgical treatments for a hole in the heart involve open-heart surgery or a procedure to implant a closure device through cardiac catheterization, according to the American Heart Association. Two types of holes can develop in the heart requiring possible treatment: patent foramen ovale and atrial se


In the United States, surgeons who are certifiedto perform open heart medical procedures can be locatedby using the directories provided by U.S. News and the American College of Surgeons, or ACS. Specialists who perform surgical operations concerning heartand chest conditionsare called cardiac, thor


Recovery varies depending upon the severity of the condition and specific type of back surgery, but, in general, recovery involves pain control, reduced activity and specific back-strengthening exercise, according to MedlinePlus. In addition, many patients use corsets or braces for back support when