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m.mlb.com/glossary/rules/foul-ball

The foul lines and foul poles are used to demarcate fair territory and, thus, determine what constitutes a foul ball. Any batted ball that first contacts a fielder while the ball is in foul ...

www.baseball-rules.com/fairfoul.htm

If a fly ball lands in the infield between home and first base, or home and third base, and then bounces to foul territory without touching a player or umpire and before passing first or third base, it is a foul ball; or if the ball settles on foul territory or is touched by a player on foul territory, it is a foul ball.

www.mlb.com/cut4/why-are-baseball-s-foul-ball-rules-so-weird

Baseball’s rules for fair and foul balls are, admittedly, more complicated than you’d want them to be. Out of bounds in basketball doesn’t require much explanation, but why some balls that bounce into foul territory are fair while others are foul does. For that, we have Ross Barnes to thank.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foul_ball

Additionally, ballpark ground rules may specify that batted balls striking certain fixed objects such as railings, nets, or a roof if present are foul balls. Foul territory or foul ground is defined as that part of the playing field outside the first and third base lines extended to the fence and perpendicularly upwards.

official-rules.org/field/fair_and_foul_balls.htm

A (batted) baseball is a foul ball in all other cases. A fair ball allows the batter to at least try to advance to first base or beyond. Maybe he'll be successful, maybe not. On the other hand, a foul ball is usually bad for the batter and his team, although in some situations it's just indifferent. We'll discuss the basics of all this elsewhere.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baseball_Rule

In American tort law, the Baseball Rule holds that a baseball team or, at amateur levels, its sponsoring organization, cannot be held liable for injuries suffered by a spectator struck by a foul ball batted into the stands, under most circumstances, as long as the team has offered some protected seating in the areas where foul balls are most likely to cause injuries.

www.sportsrec.com/5333664/baseball-rules-for-a-dropped-foul-ball

Dropped Ball in Fair Territory Rule. A dropped pop-up that lands in fair territory may still be a foul ball. If the right fielder, for example, runs to a ball just outside the foul line, and the ball hits off the heel of his glove and lands in fair territory, the ball is still foul.

www.baseball-reference.com/bullpen/Foul_strike_rule

The foul strike rule is a rule adopted in the early 20th Century under which some foul balls are counted as strikes against the batter.Under the foul strike rule, a batter is charged with a strike when he swings and hits a foul ball unless he already has two strikes against him.

www.cnn.com/2019/05/30/us/baseball-stadium-foul-ball-dangers/index.html

In the hours since a foul ball struck a little girl during the Chicago Cubs' game with the Astros on Wednesday night, Andy Zlotnick said he heard from the daughter of a 79-year-old Los Angeles ...

www.umpirebible.com/index.php/rules-batting/foul-ball-foul-tip

UmpireBible - Resources for umpires of amateur baseball. A foul tip is a pitched ball that skips off the bat and goes "sharp and direct" to the catcher's glove "and is legally caught."That the ball is caught is the cornerstone of the definition of a foul tip.; A foul tip is always a strike; and, unlike a foul ball, a foul tip can result in strike three.