Gross profit is calculated by subtracting the cost of goods sold from sales. Businesses also use these two inputs to calculate gross profit margin, which expresses the relationship between gross sales and cost of goods s... More »

Calculating percentage from a decimal or a fraction requires multiplying by 100. For a decimal, this means moving the decimal point two places to the right; for example, .28 equals 28 percent. To convert fractions, the n... More »

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The formula template for calculating percentages in Microsoft Excel is Part/Total = Percentage. This is nearly identical to the basic mathematical formula for determining percentages, with the only difference being that ... More »

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Gross federal debt is calculated by adding debt held by the public and intragovernmental debt. Federal debt increases as a result of government spending and decreases with the receipt of taxes. More »

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To calculate gross profit, subtract the cost of goods sold from the amount of total sales for the specified time period. The result is the pre-expense profit derived by the company, also known as the gross profit. More »

To make a simple profit and loss statement, fill the heading of your worksheet with your company name and the reporting period, then fill in the net sales and subtract the cost of goods sold to calculate the gross margin... More »

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To calculate profit and loss, evaluate revenue, cost of goods sold and the expenses incurred, then subtract cost of goods sold and expenses from sales. A positive result denoted profit, while a negative result indicates ... More »