In English, the word "raccoon" is an adaptation of a Native American word from the Powhatan tribe that means "animal that scratches with its hands." The animal's scientific name is Procyon lotor. It is neo-Latin, and it means “before-dog washer."
Raccoons are omnivores and eat both plants and animals. They are very skilled at problem solving and have a reputation of eating just about anything they can access.
Raccoons are omnivores, meaning they eat a vast selection of plant and animal foods. They are opportunistic feeders, and their diets change according to what is available in their location.
There are seven different species of raccoons, including the North American raccoon, the most common member of the raccoon family. The distinctive masked face of this raccoon species is seen in the wild from north of Canada to South America.
Generally speaking, raccoons tend to favor wooded areas close to water, often making their dens in trees and logs. However, they can also be found in a variety of other habitats, from prairies to marshes and even cities, wherever there is a ready source of food.
Raccoons can be controlled by trapping and releasing them, setting up secure barriers, and driving them away using lighting or noise. Raccoons are considered a protected species in some states, so hunting or poisoning them is, in many cases, strictly regulated or even illegal.
To catch raccoons, set baited traps in the areas that are frequently visited by the raccoon. It is recommended that homeowners contact their local Game and Fish Commission, or a similar agency, to determine whether the animals may be trapped and relocated. Trapping raccoons may require several attem
To trap a raccoon, place the trap in an area the animal frequently visits, and use a bait, such as marshmallows, to lure the raccoon. Check local regulations before trapping and relocating any animal.
Poisoning raccoons is typically ineffective, and in some states it is illegal to poison the animals. Options that are effective include trapping, fencing the property and removing items that attract the animals, such as garbage or other food sources.
While not typically aggressive unless sick or cornered, a raccoon is capable of defending itself using its sharp teeth and claws. Raccoon bites have been known to cause fractures in the bones of small animals. A bite also has the potential to transmit disease.