The world's first commercial maglev system was a low-speed maglev shuttle that ran between the airport terminal of Birmingham International Airport and the nearby Birmingham International railway station between 1984 and 1995. Its track length was 600 m (2,000 ft), and trains levitated at an altitude of 15 mm (0.59 in), levitated by electromagnets, and propelled with linear induction motors.
The Shanghai Maglev Train or Shanghai Transrapid (Chinese: 上海磁浮示范运营线) is a magnetic levitation train (maglev) line that operates in Shanghai.The line is the third commercially operated magnetic levitation line in history, after the British Birmingham Maglev and the German M-Bahn, and the first commercial high-speed maglev.It is the fastest commercial high-speed electric train ...
Maglev train systems. Several train systems using maglev have been developed over the years, with most operating over relatively short distances. Between 1984 and 1995 the first commercial maglev train system was developed in Great Britain as a shuttle between the Birmingham airport and
Maglev or Magnetic Levitation trains are not a new idea. The first Maglev train was invented in 1902 requiring many years for its eventual development. The idea during the earlier days of the 20th century was that a train would levitate just about the track through the use of powerful magnets to keep it afloat.
In 1959, the design for the first magnetic train was created. In 1979, first magnetic train was built in Hamburg, Germany but was closed months later. In 1984, the first train the people could ride was built in Birmingham, England. In 2004, the fastest Maglev that people can ride on was created in Shanghai, China.
The maglev (magnetic levitation) train was invented by Americans James R. Powell and Gordon T. Danby. Hermann Kemper, Robert Goddard and Emile Bachelet are also credited with important research and development that lead to this invention.
Transrapid, in Germany, constructed the first operational high-speed conventional maglev railway in the world, the Shanghai Maglev Train from downtown Shanghai (Shanghai Metro) to the Pudong International Airport. It was inaugurated in 2002. The highest speed achieved on the Shanghai track has been 501 km/h (311 mph), over a track length of 30 km.
While maglev transportation was first proposed more than a century ago, the first commercial maglev train made its test debut in Shanghai, China, in 2002 (click here to learn more), using the train developed by German company Transrapid International.The same line made its first open-to-the-public commercial run about a year later in December of 2003.
431kph Shanghai Maglev (Magnetic Levitation) train, the world's fastest commercially operating train ... You will be impressed by the amazingly fast speed of the train and have an exciting first ...
The big difference between a maglev train and a conventional train is that maglev trains do not have an engine-- at least not the kind of engine used to pull typical train cars along steel tracks.The engine for maglev trains is rather inconspicuous. Instead of using fossil fuels, the magnetic field created by the electrified coils in the guideway walls and the track combine to propel the train.