Causes of a low ferritin level include chronic bleeding in the digestive tract, heavy menstrual bleeding, iron-deficiency anemia and problems absorbing iron, explains MedlinePlus. Ferritin is a protein that stores iron in the body.
Ferritin levels are the amount of ferritin in the blood related to the amount of iron stored in the body, according to MedlinePlus. Ferritin levels are measured to identify likely causes of anemia, detect inflammation, or to determine whether there is excess iron in the body.
Some issues that raise ferritin levels in the body are hereditary hemochromatosis and alcoholic liver disease, according to MedlinePlus. Chronic inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis and some forms of cancer, also cause high ferritin levels, notes MedicineNet.
Patients can lower ferritin levels in the bloodstream by donating blood, consuming calcium-rich foods, undergoing iron chelation therapy, drinking coffee or tea and limiting vitamin C supplementation at mealtimes, according to the Iron Disorders Institute. Elevated ferritin levels may occur because
A ferritin blood test measures the level of ferritine in the body, explains MedicineNet. As ferritin is the major iron storage protein in the body, ferritin blood tests can indirectly measure iron levels. No special preparation is required before the blood test.
Ferritin levels in the blood indicate how much iron is stored in the body, according to WebMD. Ferritin is a protein that binds to iron and is found in the liver, spleen, skeletal muscles and bone marrow. The small amount of ferritin found in the blood indicates the amount of iron in the body.
Low ferritin levels indicate iron deficiency, says MedicineNet. When iron levels are low, the body struggles to produce hemoglobin, a protein in red blood cells that allows them to carry oxygen, notes Mayo Clinic. This leads to iron deficiency anemia.
For the treatment for low ferritin levels, or iron-deficiency anemia, dietary change and supplements can sometimes be sufficient, but IV therapy, blood transfusions and injections of iron may be necessary treatments in some cases. The severity and cause of low ferritin levels dictates the treatment,
If an individual has a low ferritin level, the individual has an iron deficiency that can be caused by a variety of conditions, according to WebMD. The individual should consult a doctor to determine the cause in order to discern the appropriate treatment, according to Mayo Clinic.
Symptoms of high ferritin include stomach pain, chest pain or heart palpitations, joint pain, unexplained weakness and fatigue, states Healthline. Ferritin is a protein that stores iron and releases iron when the body needs it.