A factor pair is a pair of integers whose product is a given number. The factors of a prime number are only 1 and itself. Composite numbers have the factor pair of 1 and itself, as well as at least one other factor pair.
Factoring is the process of finding the factors that are multiplied to reach a certain number. With actual numbers, it is a fairly simple process, but it becomes more difficult when factoring an equation with variables instead of numbers.
Factor pairs are two numbers that, when multiplied together, equal another number, or product. For instance, one and 12, two and 6, and three and four are the three factor pairs for the number 12.
The factors of 20 are one, two, four, five, 10, 20, negative one, negative two, negative four, negative five, -10 and -20. The prime factors of 20 are two, four and five.
The factored form of an equation is the simplest form of the equation that is obtained by factoring out a common variable or constant from multiple terms. Many types of polynomials are presentable in factored form, but the more terms an equation contains, the more diffi...
The factor pairs of 60 are 1 x 60, 2 x 30, 3 x 20, 4 x 15, 5 x 12 and 6 x 10. The product of each of these number pairs is 60.
The factor pairs of 72 are 1 x 72, 2 x 36, 3 x 24, 4 x 18, 6 x 12 and 8 x 9. The product of each of these number pairs is 72.