Interference is an explanation for forgetting in long term memory. The basic theory states that interference occurs when information that is similar in format gets in the way of the information that someone is trying to recall. There are two types of interference; retroactive and proactive ...
Proactive Interference. When psychologists studied memory, they found there were a few particular ways in which learning something interfered with remembering something else.
Proactive Interference. Difficulty in learning new information because of already existing information. For example, an English speaking person may have greater difficulty learning Spanish because of his or her tendency to want to apply English grammar to the new language.
Proactive interference occurs when old information interfere with the recall of new information. This is the example my psychology teacher gave our class: you move to a new place and find yourself writing your old address on a letter instead of your new one.
Proactive Interference Examples. To help you get a better idea, here are some examples of proactive interference: When the aisles of a shopping mart are changed, you may instinctively start walking towards the old shelves instead of the new ones. You’ve probably learned of the old saying, you can’t teach an old dog new tricks.
Proactive and retroactive Interference is thought to be more likely to occur where the memories are similar, for example: confusing old and new telephone numbers. Chandler (1989) stated that students who study similar subjects at the same time often experience interference.
Proactive interference, also known as Proactive inhibition, is the interference of older memories with the retrieval of newer memories. Of the two effects of interference theory, proactive interference is considered the less common and less problematic type of interference compared to retroactive interference.
Retroactive Interference. Retroactive interference is when a person has difficulty recalling old information because of newly learned information. For example, you may have difficulty skiing because of recently learning how to snowboard. See also: Proactive Interference
This is an example of retroactive interference. Evaluation. Although proactive and retroactive interference are reliable and robust effects, there are a number of problems with interference theory as an explanation of forgetting. First, interference theory tells us little about the cognitive processes involved in forgetting.
interference. Proactive Interference Proactive interference occurs when something that we previously learned interferes with remembering newer information. For example, imagine that you took one psychology course last term, and you are currently taking a psychology course that is very similar to the psychology course you took last term.