Adaptations of plants living in estuaries include the ability to survive in water of varying salinity levels, cells that store oxygen for use underwater, and the ability to reproduce by releasing new plants ready to germ... More »

Grassland plant adaptations include deep roots, narrow leaves and brightly colored flowers. Grassland plants, particularly grasses themselves, grow from the base of the plant rather than the tips. This enables them to su... More »

Plants that live in the marine biome have adapted their physical structure, the way they create food and their reproductive habits. To live in water, plants must be flexible so they can tolerate wave action, and in some ... More »

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The lower epidermis contains stomata cells that help prevent water loss and regulate the exchange of gases such as oxygen and carbon dioxide, enabling plants to survive. Other cells in the lower epidermis include a waxy ... More »

Totipotency refers to a developmental flexibility within plant cells that distinguish them from most animal cells, in that many somatic plant cells can regenerate into entire plants. Two researchers in the 1950s were the... More »

Cellulose makes up most of the tough cell walls surrounding plant cells and enables plants to stand upright, according to Education Portal. It is the major component of plants that makes the branches, stems and leaves ve... More »

Human activity impacts the carbon cycle by introducing more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere: carbon dioxide accumulates in the atmosphere, changes temperatures and alters the salinity levels of oceans, disturbing the ... More »