An enlarged aorta is enlargement or bulging in the wall of the aorta, which is the largest blood vessel of the body that extends from the heart. This medical condition is also referred to as an aortic aneurysm, according to eMedicineHealth.
An enlarged aorta can be caused by aortic disease, which has many subtypes. Aortic disease comes in many forms including aortic arch aneurysms, aortic dissection and aortic valve disease.
The symptoms of an enlarged aorta include back pain, chest pain, swallowing difficulty, hoarseness, swelling, coughing, shortness of breath, sweating, dizziness and rapid pulse. An enlarged aorta leads to the formation of a bulge in the aorta referred to as an aortic aneurysm. This condition is norm
The exact cause of an enlarged abdominal aorta, also known as an abdominal aortic aneurysm, is unknown but the condition is linked to infection, tobacco use and hardening of the arteries, according to Mayo Clinic. The enlarged area often grows slowly and may be difficult to detect.
An enlarged aorta is referred to as an aortic aneurysm, and treatment for this condition varies, according to WebMD. Generally, an aortic aneurysm or bulge that is over 5.5 centimeters in diameter is treated surgically. A smaller aortic aneurysm is normally managed with medication, such as beta-bloc
Enlargement of the ascending aorta indicates a weakening of the aortic wall, according to Cedars-Sinai. Often, an enlarged ascending aorta is diagnosed as an aneurysm.
An aortic aneurysm is a dangerous condition associated with an enlarged aorta, according to WebMD. The aneurysm develops when a weakened section of the aorta, which carries blood from the heart to the body, bulges outward. If the aneurysm ruptures, bleeding and quick death can occur.
Doctors can diagnose an enlarged aorta through tests that include a chest X-ray, echocardiogram, computed tomography scan and a magnetic resonance angiogram, as stated by Mayo Clinic. If doctors feel a mass in the stomach region that they suspect to be an enlarged aorta during a physical exam, they
The aorta is the biggest artery in the body, and it carries and distributes oxygen-rich blood to other arteries, says Regina Bailey on About Biology. It arises from the heart’s left ventricle, forms an arch and branches off into two smaller arteries in the abdomen.
An abdominal aorta that is considered normal in size is less than about 3 centimeters, according to the National Institutes of Health. The normal size of the abdominal aorta also varies by sex, age and physical activity level.