Cirrhosis is the irreversible scarring, or fibrosis, of the liver and comprises a late stage in liver disease, explains Mayo Clinic. Advanced cirrhosis leads to liver failure which is life-threatening. Cirrhosis cannot be reversed once it occurs, but future damage can be limited if the underlying ca
Some of the signs of individuals suffering from cirrhosis of the liver include bleeding or bruising easily, jaundiced eyes and skin and problems with concentration and memory, according to the American Liver Foundation. The stages leading to cirrhosis include inflammation and fibrosis of the liver.
The first two stages of liver cirrhosis are inflammation and fibrosis. If left untreated, fibrosis continues to occur, reaching the third stage when liver damage cannot be reversed. In the final and advanced stage, liver cirrhosis leads to liver failure with serious symptoms and complications, state
During the final stages of liver cirrhosis, liver scarring prevents full organ function and leads to liver failure claims eMedicineHealth. When doctors are grading a liver biopsy, stage four fibrosis is defined as verified or plausable cirrhosis of the liver, notes PathologyOutlines.com.
The symptoms of cirrhosis include weight loss, nausea, swelling of the legs, bruising easily, fatigue, bleeding, confusion, loss of appetite, itchy skin and accumulation of fluid in the abdomen. However, liver cirrhosis may not show any symptoms unless the damage on the liver is considerable, as sta
WebMD states that there is no cure for cirrhosis of the liver, but lifestyle changes can prevent additional damage. Medicines and regular doctor visits treat complications of the liver, and a liver transplant or palliative care is used for severe cases.
Early symptoms of liver cirrhosis may include loss of appetite, weight loss, nausea, fatigue and weakness, according to the Canadian Liver Foundation. As the disease progresses, additional symptoms may include easy bleeding and bruising, yellow discoloration of the eyes and skin, fluid accumulation
The treatment options for cirrhosis usually depends on what is causing the scar tissue to appear in the first place, according to Mayo Clinic. For example, if a patient's cirrhosis is caused by alcohol abuse, the patient may have to stop drinking and receive treatment for alcohol dependency.
Patients with cirrhosis often exhibit outward changes to their appearance, such as a yellowing of the skin, called jaundice, caused by the accumulation of bilirubin in the blood, according to MedicineNet. Bruises develop easily due to the affected liver's decreased production of blood clotting facto
It is possible for persons in the final stages of cirrhosis to reach normal life expectancy, according to Medscape. However, the prognosis varies among each individual and is dependent on the symptoms and complications.